Case study 5: Lebanon, Bekaa Valley. What type of lighting was installed, when, where and why? Since 2015, Oxfam teams have implemented four different lighting projects in Lebanon’s Bekaa Valley for some of the 500,000+ Syrian refugees living in the area. The Protection programme supports Syrian refugees to create Peer Groups that act as representatives for their community or settlement. These groups are made up of 6–12 men and women, and Oxfam’s Protection Team works with them to build their capacity to run community meetings, speak in public, develop relationships with local authorities and NGOs, facilitate community meetings and implement community action plans. Many of the informal tented settlements in the Bekaa Valley are isolated and have no access to infrastructure such as the electricity grid. During winter the hours of reduced light and total darkness in the Bekaa Valley can stretch from 4pm to 7am the following day.